“St. Matyr Dimitar” Cathedral
The construction of the first temple of this name began in 17th C. It was wooden and lasted for about two and a half centuries. In it, on December 6, 1868, the Metropolitan of Vidin – Antim 1st /who later became the first Bulgarian Exarch / – declared the detachment of Vidin Bishopric from Constantinople Patriarchate. The decision for the construction of a new church was made on December 9, 1884 and the old worn out building was pulled down in 1889. The funds for the new church were collected from the craftsmen guilds and donations from citizens. On March 10, 1885 the foundation stone of the new building was officially laid. On October 26, 1900, on the day of the patron saint’s day, St. Antimis was laid and the first liturgy was served. In July 1926 all the interior decoration of the temple was completed and on 3rd and 4th October the same year it was solemnly consecrated by Metropolitan Neophyte of Vidin.
The “Sv.V.M.Dimitar” Cathedral church is the second largest after the Temple – monument “St. Alexander Nevsky “in Sofia. The height of the central dome is 33 meters. It is a cultural monument of national importance.
Mausoleum of “Antim I”
It is a square domed building of white stone from the region of Vratza. Built in 1934, and designed by arch. Ilya Popov. A mosaics portrait of Antim I is set above the entrance. Inside the room is decorated and there is a sitting stone sculpture of the first Bulgarian Exarch / sculpture made by Ivan Dudolov /. In a sarcophagus in the basement were laid the mortal remains of Antim I.
“St. Nikolai” Church
The full name of the church is “St. Nikolai Miracle Worker”. It was built in 1926 after the design of arch. Kosta Nikolov, who also managed the construction works. The church was erected in the place of an old bell-tower and an extension to the “St. Panteleimon” Church. That extension had been used as “St. Nikola” temple”. /1799/. Today “St. Nikolai” Church is part of the complex including: the “St. Panteleimon” Church/1634/, the residential building of the Metropolitan of Vidin /1924 /, the mausoleum of Antim I /1934 / and the eparchial school /1926 /. It is of the three –nave cross-vault type of churches, with one apse, narthex and towers. Besides a rear gallery for the people, it also has two side galleries. The walls are all painted.
“St. Petka” Church
The church was completed in 1636. It is dug–in deeper in the earth than “St. Panteleimon ” Church. The late narrower narthex is with a vaulted entrance to the nave. The latter is shorter,
earth, with a semi-cylindrical vault, placed under the double-pitched roof. There is a large, slightly elongated apse and a small, dimly lit porch with an entrance on the south side. Its walls are of stone masonry, under the roof there goes a toothed cornice of stone and four rows of bricks. According to the inscription over the door, it was built on older foundations in 1634, and in 1636 the church was decorated. On the upper walls of the nave there are belts and medallions with images of saints, and on the vault – Gospel scenes. In its center two medallions depict Jesus and Mary. The preserved Slavic inscription over the entrance of the nave notes that the decorating was done at the time of Netroplitan Sophronius of Vidin in 1646. The old iconostasis has not been preserved. It holds two icons with valuable fittings, made in 1823 and 1832 by the famous gold-jewelers of Vidin. Interesting is the filigree float-lamp in the shape of a ship, donated to the church in 1872. The “St. Panteleimon” Church is connected with the name of Sophronius of Vratsa. He served in it during his forced stay in Vidin from 1800 to 1802.
“St. Pantaylemon ” Church
Located in the courtyard of the bishop of Vidin. It has a nave poluvkopana the ground, with semi-cylindrical vault, placed under the double-pitched roof. There is a large, slightly elongated apse and a small, dimly lit porch with an entrance on the south side. Its walls are of stone masonry, the roof goes toothed cornice of stone and four rows of bricks. According to the inscription over the door, it is built on a – old foundations in 1634, but by 1636 the church was painted. On the upper walls of the nave are belts and medallions with images of saints, and on the vault – Gospel scenes. In its center in two medallions depict Jesus and Mary. Preserved Slavic inscription over the entrance of the nave noted that her painting had become Bishop Sophronius in Vidin in 1646 old iconostasis is preserved. It held two icons with valuable fittings, work in 1823 and 1832 by the famous jewelers of Vidin. Interestingly filigree candle in the shape of a ship, donated to the church in 1872, “St. Panteleimon “is connected with the name of Sophronius of Vratsa. In it he served during his forced stay in Vidin from 1800 to 1802.